Cat-scratch disease presenting as multiple hepatic lesions: case report and literature review

Autopsy And Case Reports

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Início Publicação: 28/02/2011
Periodicidade: Trimestral
Área de Estudo: Medicina

Cat-scratch disease presenting as multiple hepatic lesions: case report and literature review

Ano: 2014 | Volume: 4 | Número: 2
Autores: M. A. Baptista, D. S. Lo, N. Hein, M. Hirose, C. R. M. Yoshioka, S. L. B. Ragazzi, A. E. Gilio, A. E. Ferronato
Autor Correspondente: A. E. Ferronato | [email protected]

Palavras-chave: cat-scratch disease, fever of unknown origin, liver abscess

Resumos Cadastrados

Resumo Inglês:

Although infectious diseases are the most prevalent cause of fevers of unknown origin (FUO), this diagnosis remains
challenging in some pediatric patients. Imaging exams, such as computed tomography (CT) are frequently required during
the diagnostic processes. The presence of multiple hypoattenuating scattered images throughout the liver associated with
the history of cohabitation with cats should raise the suspicion of the diagnosis of cat-scratch disease (CSD), although
the main etiologic agent of liver abscesses in childhood is Staphylococcus aureus. Differential diagnosis by clinical and
epidemiological data with Bartonella henselae is often advisable. The authors report the case of a boy aged 2 years and
9 months with 16-day history of daily fever accompanied by intermittent abdominal pain. Physical examination was
unremarkable. Abdominal ultrasound performed in the initial work up was unrevealing, but an abdominal CT that was
performed afterwards disclosed multiple hypoattenuating hepatic images compatible with the diagnosis of micro abscesses.
Initial antibiotic regimen included cefotaxime, metronidazole, and oxacillin. Due to the epidemiology of close contact with
kittens, diagnosis of CSD was considered and confirmed by serologic tests. Therefore, the initial antibiotics were replaced
by clarithromycin orally for 14 days followed by fever defervescence and clinical improvement. The authors call attention
to this uncommon diagnosis in a child presenting with FUO and multiple hepatic images suggestive of micro abscesses.