Defining, reporting, and monitoring near-falls in older adults: a scoping review protocol

Geriatrics, Gerontology and Aging

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ISSN: 2447-2123
Editor Chefe: Roberto Alves Lourenço
Início Publicação: 10/10/2007
Periodicidade: Trimestral
Área de Estudo: Educação física, Área de Estudo: Enfermagem, Área de Estudo: Farmácia, Área de Estudo: Fisioterapia e terapia ocupacional, Área de Estudo: Fonoaudiologia, Área de Estudo: Medicina, Área de Estudo: Nutrição, Área de Estudo: Odontologia, Área de Estudo: Saúde coletiva, Área de Estudo: Serviço social, Área de Estudo: Multidisciplinar

Defining, reporting, and monitoring near-falls in older adults: a scoping review protocol

Ano: 2021 | Volume: 15 | Número: Não se aplica
Autores: Carina Junqueira Cervatoa; Giselle Layse Andrade Buarquea; Katie Robinsonb; Rachael Frostc; James Gavind; Monica Rodrigues Perracinie,f; Ruth Caldeira de Meloa
Autor Correspondente: Ruth Caldeira de Melo | [email protected]

Palavras-chave: aging; accidental falls; preventive health services

Resumos Cadastrados

Resumo Inglês:

INTRODUCTION: In addition to traditional risk factors for falls (e.g., reduced muscle strength, polypharmacy, and poor vision), researchers have been investigating whether other factors, such as near-falls, can be identified to allow early intervention and prevention. A near-fall can be defined as a slip, trip, or loss of balance that would result in a fall if adequate recovery mechanisms were not activated. Despite the increasing interest in near-falls, there is no consensus about the definition, reporting methods, and contributing factors.
OBJECTIVE: To identify how near-falls among older adults have been defined, reported, and monitored in the scientific literature.
METHODS: Indexed literature published in English, Spanish, and Portuguese will be considered and retrieved from 10 databases, until August 31st, 2020. Two authors will independently screen titles, abstracts, and full texts against the eligibility criteria, and disagreements will be resolved by a third reviewer. This review will consider studies with different designs that have included older adults (aged 60 years and over), recruited participants from different settings, and had an explicit definition and/or reporting of near-falls. A customized form will be used to extract data from the included studies. The results will be presented in tabular form, accompanied by a narrative summary. This protocol is registered at
EXPECTED RESULTS AND RELEVANCE: Depending on the results, a conceptual framework for near-fall reporting, contributing factors, and a possible prodrome of falls will also be presented. It is expected that the present study will help professionals identify and manage near-falls in different settings.