Obesity is associated with lack of access to dental care and physical activity among older adults: a cross-sectional study

Geriatrics, Gerontology and Aging

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ISSN: 2447-2123
Editor Chefe: Roberto Alves Lourenço
Início Publicação: 10/10/2007
Periodicidade: Trimestral
Área de Estudo: Educação física, Área de Estudo: Enfermagem, Área de Estudo: Farmácia, Área de Estudo: Fisioterapia e terapia ocupacional, Área de Estudo: Fonoaudiologia, Área de Estudo: Medicina, Área de Estudo: Nutrição, Área de Estudo: Odontologia, Área de Estudo: Saúde coletiva, Área de Estudo: Serviço social, Área de Estudo: Multidisciplinar

Obesity is associated with lack of access to dental care and physical activity among older adults: a cross-sectional study

Ano: 2021 | Volume: 15 | Número: Não se aplica
Autores: Natália Rigon Scalcoa; Francisco Wilker Mustafa Gomes Munizb; Nathália Prigol Rosalena; Diandra Genoveva Sachettia; Nathalia Ribeiro Jorge da Silvab; Paulo Roberto Grafitti Colussib
Autor Correspondente: Francisco Wilker Mustafa Gomes Muniz | [email protected]

Palavras-chave: aging; epidemiology; obesity; oral health.

Resumos Cadastrados

Resumo Inglês:

OBJECTIVE: This study evaluated the prevalence of obesity and associated factors among older adults.
METHODS: This was a household-based cross-sectional study involving 282 individuals aged ≥ 60 years recruited in the city of Veranópolis, Brazil, using random probabilistic sampling. Participants underwent a clinical oral examination and completed a structured questionnaire. Obesity was determined based on body mass index (BMI). Individuals were divided into two groups based on the presence (BMI ≥ 30 kg/m2) or absence of obesity (BMI < 30 kg/m2). Uni- and multivariate analyses were performed using Poisson regression with robust variance.
RESULTS: The prevalence of obesity was 34% (n = 96). Each 1-year increase in age resulted in a 3.09% decrease in the likelihood of being classified as having obesity (prevalence ratio [PR] = 0.969; 95% confidence interval [95%CI] 0.949 – 0.989). Older adults that reported walking < 5 or ≥ 5 times per week were 39.65 and 37.20% less likely to be classified as obese. The PRs of obesity in former and non-smokers were 4.40 and 5 times higher, respectively, than in current smokers (p < 0.05). Older adults with no access to dental care were 51.72% (p = 0.013) more likely to present with obesity.
CONCLUSIONS: There was a high prevalence of obesity among older adults. Obesity was associated with lower age, smoking status, no access to dental care, and a lack of physical activity.