Self-esteem among older adults treated at basic health units and associated factors

Geriatrics, Gerontology and Aging

Endereço:
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Rio de Janeiro / RJ
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Site: http://ggaging.com
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ISSN: 2447-2123
Editor Chefe: Roberto Alves Lourenço
Início Publicação: 10/10/2007
Periodicidade: Trimestral
Área de Estudo: Educação física, Área de Estudo: Enfermagem, Área de Estudo: Farmácia, Área de Estudo: Fisioterapia e terapia ocupacional, Área de Estudo: Fonoaudiologia, Área de Estudo: Medicina, Área de Estudo: Nutrição, Área de Estudo: Odontologia, Área de Estudo: Saúde coletiva, Área de Estudo: Serviço social, Área de Estudo: Multidisciplinar

Self-esteem among older adults treated at basic health units and associated factors

Ano: 2019 | Volume: 13 | Número: 3
Autores: Daniel Vicentini de Oliveira; Matheus Amarante do Nascimento; Alisson Fernandes; Maura Fernandes Franco; José Roberto Andrade do Nascimento Júnior
Autor Correspondente: Daniel de Oliveira | [email protected]

Palavras-chave: public health services; aged; accidental falls; physical activity.

Resumos Cadastrados

Resumo Inglês:

OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to investigate self-esteem among older adults treated at Basic Health Units (BHU) and associated factors.
METHODS: This cross-sectional study evaluated 654 older people treated at BHUs in the municipality of Maringá, state of Paraná, in Brazil. A sociodemographic questionnaire, the International Physical Activity Questionnaire (IPAQ), and the Rosemberg Self-esteem Scale were used as instruments. The data analysis was performed using the Kolmogorov-Smirnov test, the Spearmans rank correlation, the Chi-squared test and the Binary Logistic Regression.
RESULTS: The results showed a significant association between self-esteem (p < 0.05) and self-perceived health, which is related to going to BHUs, history of falls and near-falls, and the level of physical activity. The logistic regression showed that the older patients with no history of "near-falls are more likely to have good self-esteem as well as very active older adults. Having high self-esteem was significantly correlated with the variables related to the practice of low-intensity and moderate physical activities.
CONCLUSION: It was concluded that health conditions, especially the history of near-falls and physical activity level are factors associated with a higher self-esteem. In addition, the performance of low-intensity and moderate activities is associated with good self-esteem.