Treatment Model in Children with Speech Disorders and Its Therapeutic Efficiency

International Archives of Otorhinolaryngology

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ISSN: 18099777
Editor Chefe: Geraldo Pereira Jotz
Início Publicação: 31/12/2009
Periodicidade: Trimestral
Área de Estudo: Medicina

Treatment Model in Children with Speech Disorders and Its Therapeutic Efficiency

Ano: 1989 | Volume: 18 | Número: 3
Autores: Luciana Barberena, Márcia Keske-Soares, Taís Cervi, Mariane Brandão
Autor Correspondente: Luciana Barberena | [email protected]

Palavras-chave: speech, articulation disorders, speech language and hearing sciences, speech therapy, generalization

Resumos Cadastrados

Resumo Inglês:

Introduction Speech articulation disorders affect the intelligibility of speech. Studies on therapeutic models show the effectiveness of the communication treatment.

Objective To analyze the progress achieved by treatment with the ABAB—Withdrawal and Multiple Probes Model in children with different degrees of phonological disorders.

Methods The diagnosis of speech articulation disorder was determined by speech and hearing evaluation and complementary tests. The subjects of this research were eight children, with the average age of 5:5. The children were distributed into four groups according to the degrees of the phonological disorders, based on the percentage of correct consonants, as follows: severe, moderate to severe, mild to moderate, and mild. The phonological treatment applied was the ABAB—Withdrawal and Multiple Probes Model. The development of the therapy by generalization was observed through the comparison between the two analyses: contrastive and distinctive features at the moment of evaluation and reevaluation.

Results The following types of generalization were found: to the items not used in the treatment (other words), to another position in the word, within a sound class, to other classes of sounds, and to another syllable structure.

Conclusion The different types of generalization studied showed the expansion of production and proper use of therapy-trained targets in other contexts or untrained environments. Therefore, the analysis of the generalizations proved to be an important criterion to measure the therapeutic efficacy.