Uso do Laser ALGaInP na cicatrização de lesões cutâneas experimentais em coelhos

Acta Scientiae Veterinariae

Telefone: (51) 3308-6964
ISSN: 16799216
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Início Publicação: 31/12/1969
Periodicidade: Trimestral
Área de Estudo: Medicina Veterinária

Uso do Laser ALGaInP na cicatrização de lesões cutâneas experimentais em coelhos

Ano: 2010 | Volume: 38 | Número: 3
Autores: Wanessa Krüger Beheregaray, Giordano Cabral Gianotti, Juliano de Souza Leal, Fabiola de Moraes Monteiro, Silvana Mello Simas, Mariane Elizeire, Emerson Antônio Contesini
Autor Correspondente: Wanessa Krüger Beheregaray | [email protected]

Palavras-chave: cicatrização, laser de baixa potência, coelho, lesões cutâneas

Resumos Cadastrados

Resumo Inglês:

Background: Animals with extensive cutaneous lesions remain hospitalized for long periods. In addition to increasing treatment
costs, this also causes stress in these animals. Low-power laser is widely used to support tissue repair processes. Its use in the
treatment of cutaneous wounds has been studied, as it reduces the wound healing period and the consequences caused by the
lesion. The study aimed to evaluat the wound healing process of experimental cutaneous wounds in rabbits with the use of laser
Materials, Methods & Results: Ten healthy New Zealand rabbits were used in the study, which were divided in two groups
(n=5). Skin biopsies were carried out on day 16 in Group 1 and on day 8 in Group 2. The animals were under general anesthesia
for the experimental cutaneous lesion to be carried out. Two 1 cm2 wounds were made on the back of each animal. The lesions
were measured by a pachymeter in the immediate postoperative period, then covered with sterile gauze and maintained with
rubber bandages. The animals were treated only with Tramadon 3 twice a day, during 3 days. Only the lesions on the
right side of the animals were irradiated regularly, on each side of the wound, at a distance of 0.5 cm from the margin. The
equipment used was a 660 nm wavelength AlGaInP laser diode (Laserpulse, Ibramed), pulsed at a frequency of 20 Hz, at a dose
of 3 J and stimulation time of 12 s. The left-side lesions represented the control and the treatment administered to them
consisted only of a cleanse using a NaCl solution at 0.9% once a day. The measurement of the lesion area was made every two
days with a pachymeter, and the macroscopic characteristics were noted on a control card. For the histological evaluation of the
wound healing process, biopsy specimens were taken from the right and left lesions on the sixteenth day in G1 and on the
eighth day in G2, by means of a 6mm punch. The samples were stained with Hematoxylin-eosin for the global evaluation of the
tissue section, and with Masson’s trichrome for evaluation of the presence of collagen fibers in interstitial fibrosis sites. Hyperemia
followed by a discreet bleeding could be observed in wounds treated with laser after its application. With regard to the wound
healing area, there was no difference between treated and control animals in both groups. However, in the microscopic evaluation
of G1, in relation to the histological variables, significantly higher results were found in lesions treated with laser however, in
the microscopic evaluation of G1, in relation to the histological variables, significantly higher results were found in lesions
treated with laser: vascular proliferation, fibroblast and collagen proliferation, as well as the presence of hair follicles. In G2,
only the fibroblastic proliferation showed a significant difference (P = 0.08) in lesions treated with laser.
Discussion: There was no difference in the number of inflammatory cells in this study, perhaps because the control animals
underwent laser treatment of the contralateral lesion. However, the treated animals had a higher number of deposited collagen
fibers than the control ones, corroborating the data mentioned in literature. The most important result found was associated
with vascular proliferation, which showed a significant difference (P = 0.046). The formation of new blood vessels seems to be
substantially facilitated by the laser use, because a relatively higher number of elements was found in the group irradiated by it,
as similarly hyperemia and bleeding were observed during treatment. The results obtained suggest that irradiation with AlGaInP
diode laser, at a dose of 3 J, acted as a biostimulative agent in the wound healing of experimental lesions. Evidence of this could
be demonstrated by an accelerated cell proliferation process during the experiment. The experimental lesion, animal species
selected and laser application method were adequate for the execution of this project.